Safer Driving

Safer Driving

Top 10 Safe Driving Tips

The three biggest causes of fatalities on the road are alcohol, speeding and lack of seat belt use. Addressing what causes crashes, as well as the role vehicles, drivers, road systems and technology play in creating safer roads is how we will eliminate preventable deaths on the road.

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Safe driving guidelines advise drivers to keep a safe distance between themselves and the car ahead. Drivers need enough time to react if that car makes a sudden turn or stop. It can be too difficult to estimate the distances while driving and the exact distance would have to be adjusted for speed, so experts recommend a "three Author: Ed Grabianowski.

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SAFER Driving: The Enhanced Driving Decisions Workbook The University of Michigan Transportation Institute and The UM Drive-Ability Program (Self-Awareness and FEedback for Responsible Driving) Introduction. All of us need to be able to get around. Getting around is important not only for running errands, going to appointments, and.

Safe driving guidelines advise drivers to keep a safe distance between themselves and the car ahead. Drivers need enough time to react if that car makes a sudden turn or stop. It can be too difficult to estimate the distances while driving and the exact distance would have to be adjusted for speed, so experts recommend a "three Author: Ed Grabianowski.

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Here are some safe driving tips: Top 4 driving safety tips Focus on driving. Keep % of your attention on driving at all times – no multi-tasking. Don’t use your phone or any other electronic device while driving. Slow down. Speeding gives you less time to react and increases the severity of an accident. Drive “defensively”.

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Top 10 Safe Driving Tips

Alcohol causes a number of impairments that lead to car accidents. Even at low blood-alcohol levels, intoxication reduces reaction time and coordination and lowers inhibitions, which can cause drivers to make foolish choices. At higher levels, alcohol causes blurred or double vision and even loss of consciousness. Drunk driving isn’t just a terrible idea — it’s a crime.

In the U. S, getting caught behind the wheel with a blood-alcohol content BAC of 0. It’s easy to avoid driving drunk. If you’ve been drinking, ask a sober friend for a ride or call a cab. If you’re planning to drink, make sure you have a designated driver. The mild inconvenience of taking a cab home is nothing compared to the disastrous consequences of driving drunk. In , speeding was a contributing factor in 31 percent of all fatal crashes, and 11, lives were lost in speeding-related crashes" [source: NHTSA ].

For your average drive across town, driving even 10 mph Even on long trips, the time you’ll save is inconsequential compared to the risks associated with speeding. Take your time and obey posted speed limits. If you really need to get there as fast as possible, there’s one fool-proof solution: Leave earlier.

The reason is the number of deaths attributed to this seemingly harmless activity: 2, deaths nationwide every year, by some estimates [source: Live Science ]. In fact, those numbers may actually be too low, due to the continued rise in cell phone use behind the wheel.

It isn’t just cell phones that cause distractions, however. Eating, applying makeup, fiddling with electronic devices or interacting with passengers also diverts a driver’s attention in potentially deadly ways. Perhaps the best advice on driving distractions came from rocker Jim Morrison: "Keep your eyes on the road, your hands upon the wheel. Even on a relatively straight highway, a sleeping driver will eventually drift off the road. Trees, utility poles, ravines and bridge abutments turn this into a deadly scenario — and that doesn’t even take other cars into account.

You might think a few yawns are nothing to worry about, but just being a little drowsy is enough to increase your risk of getting in an accident. Responses can range from dozing off for a few seconds at a time to simply "zoning out" and losing all focus on the road.

At highway speeds, one or two seconds of inattention can lead to disaster. The solution is simple: Get a better night’s sleep! Make sure you get a solid eight hours of sleep , not just on the night before a long drive, but on a regular basis. Failure to get enough sleep every night builds a sleep deficit that can leave you drowsy and unable to focus. If you’re driving and feel the least bit groggy, take action immediately.

Don’t think you’ll get any kind of warning before you fall asleep, or that you can fight it off. People can move from drowsy to sound asleep without warning. Worn properly, they prevent you from being thrown around the inside of a crashing vehicle or, worse, thrown through the windshield and flung completely out of the vehicle.

Everyone has heard horror stories about people who were killed in bizarre freak accidents in which they’d have lived if only they hadn’t been wearing a seat belt. Even if these stories are true — many of them are exaggerations or urban legends — they’re also anomalies. In the overwhelming majority of car crashes, you have a greater chance of surviving if you’re wearing a seat belt. Even a low-speed crash can send an unbelted person careening into the dashboard or side window, resulting in severe head injuries or broken bones.

At higher speeds, the possible fates of the unbelted occupant are gruesome: severe lacerations from being propelled through the windshield ; struck by other cars because you landed on the road; slammed into a tree or a house at 50 mph 80 kph. Sound scary? Then buckle up. Take all of the other tips presented here and make full use of them: Drive below the speed limit if necessary, maintain extra space between you and the car ahead, and be especially careful around curves. If you’re driving through weather conditions you don’t know well, consider delegating driving duties to someone who does, if possible.

If the weather worsens, just find a safe place to wait out the storm. If you’re experiencing bad visibility, either from fog or snow , and you end up off the side of the road intentionally or otherwise , turn off your lights. Drivers who can’t see the road will be looking for other cars to follow along the highway. When they see your lights, they’ll drive toward you and may not realize you’re not moving in time to avoid a collision.

4: Don’t Follow Too Closely Safe driving guidelines advise drivers to keep a safe distance between themselves and the car ahead. Drivers need enough time to react if that car makes a sudden turn or stop. Find a stationary object on the side of the road. When the car ahead of you passes it, start counting seconds. At least three seconds should pass before your car passes the same object [source: SmartMotorist ].

Once you have some driving experience and have practiced keeping this minimum distance, you’ll develop an instinct for it and know how close to follow without having to count. However, even experienced drivers should count off the three-second rule now and then to make sure. You could be driving the speed limit and obeying all traffic rules and someone else can crash into you. One good rule of thumb to use is, "Assume everyone else on the road is an idiot. Chances are, you’ll eventually encounter someone like this — and it pays to be ready when you do.

It’s impossible to list all the possible things another driver might do, but there are a few common examples. If you’re pulling out of a driveway into traffic and an oncoming car has its turn signal on, don’t assume it’s actually turning. You might pull out only to find that turn signal has been blinking since If you’re approaching an intersection where you have the right of way, and another approaching car has the stop sign, don’t assume it will actually stop.

As you approach, take your foot off the gas and be prepared to brake. Of course, being prepared requires awareness, so make sure you check your mirrors and keep an eye on side streets so you’ll know which other cars are around you and how they’re driving. Don’t focus only on the road in front of your car — look ahead so you can see what’s happening 50 to yards 46 to 91 meters up the road.

Don’t be that jerk. Aggressive driving is hard to quantify, but it definitely increases the risk of accidents. These behaviors aren’t just annoying, they’re dangerous. Defensive driving incorporates the other tips shown here, such as maintaining a safe distance and not speeding, but remaining calm in the face of frustrating traffic issues is another major part of the concept.

Accept small delays, such as staying in line behind a slower car instead of abruptly changing lanes. Yield to other cars, even if you technically have the right of way. Defensive driving is not only safer, it can save you money. Many insurance companies offer discounts to drivers who complete defensive driving courses.

Many maintenance issues are addressed by state mandated vehicle inspections. If your car is unsafe, the inspecting mechanic will let you know what you need to do to fix it. Uneven tire pressure, or pressure that is too high or low, can impact performance or lead to a blowout — especially in high-performance cars or heavy vehicles like SUVs. You can buy a cheap pressure gauge at any auto parts store and check the pressure against the recommendation in your owner’s manual.

While you’re at it, you might want to rotate your tires to promote even wear and consistent performance. Another key area is the car’s brakes. If you notice some "softness" in the brake pedal, or feel a vibration when the brakes are applied, get them checked out by a professional mechanic. The brakes could be wearing out or you could have a problem with the car’s hydraulic system.

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